Battle of Stalingrad ends, February 2nd, 1943
The turning point of the war between the Russians and the Germans took place in the city of Stalingrad. The fierce battle lasted for five-and-a-half months, and saw the deaths of 1.2 million Russian soldiers and civilians and 850,000 Germans dead or wounded. Eventually, the German Sixth Army was cut off from supplies. German General Friedrich von Paulus implored Hitler to let his army withdraw. The Führer refused. This results in 91,000 Germans being taken prisoner when the battle comes to an end. Of that number, only 6,000 survived the cruelty of their Russian captors and returned home alive after the war.