The Last Days of Jesus: His Life and Times by Bill O’Reilly

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KEY PLAYERS

The Family of Jesus

Joseph: Husband of Mary.

Mary: Mother of Jesus.

Jesus

 

Jesus’s Original Disciples

Matthew: A tax collector.

Simon (whom Jesus renamed Peter): A fisherman and one of Jesus’s inner circle; very active in preaching to the Jews after Jesus’s death.

Andrew: Brother of Simon, a disciple of John the Baptist and then of Jesus; also a fisherman.

Judas Iscariot: The only disciple from Judea; betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.

Philip: A fisherman; preached in Samaria after Jesus’s death.

Bartholomew (or Nathanael): Watched and listened to Jesus before finally becoming a disciple.

Thomas: Sometimes called Doubting Thomas because he questioned Jesus’s divinity.

Jude (or Thaddeus): Brother of James the Younger.

John the Beloved: Brother of James the Elder; thought to be the closest to Jesus; lived to an old age.

Simon the Zealot: From Cana; thought to be a Zealot, a member of an extreme nationalistic group that hated Roman law.

James the Elder: Brother of John; one of Jesus’s inner circle.

James the Younger: Brother of Jude.

 

Patriarchs of the Jewish People

Abraham: According to Jewish tradition, the first to believe in one God.

Daniel: A Jewish captive in Babylon who interpreted dreams and made prophecies.

David: Second king of the Israelites, poet, and ancestor of Jesus.

Elijah: Prophet who foretold the coming of a Messiah.

Isaac: The son Abraham was willing to sacrifice to prove his faith.

Jacob: One of Isaac’s sons; believed to  be the father of the Jewish people whose twelve sons founded the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jeremiah: A prophet who warned of, and witnessed, the destruction of Jerusalem and the First Temple.

Moses: The prophet who received the  Ten Commandments from God and led the Jews out of Egypt.

Samson: A man of amazing strength who saved the Jews from the Philistines.

Solomon: Son of David; third king of the Israelites and builder of the First Temple.

 

Roman Rulers and Administrators During Jesus’s Lifetime

Augustus Caesar: Emperor from 27 BC to AD 14.

Tiberius: Succeeded Augustus as emperor and ruled from AD 14 to 37.

Pontius Pilate: Roman prefect, or governor, of Judea from AD 26 to 36.

Herod the Great: Reigned as king of the province of Judea from 37 to 4 BC; rebuilt and renovated the Second Temple in Jerusalem.

Herod Antipas: One of Herod the Great’s sons; a tetrarch, or administrator, of Galilee from   4 BC to AD 39.

 

Others

Anna: Pilgrim at the temple who bore witness to the divinity of Jesus.

Barabbas: Convicted thief who was freed as the people’s choice over Jesus.

John the Baptist: Preacher who foretold the coming of the Messiah; baptized Jesus.

Judas of Gamala: Jewish revolutionary crucified in the early first century.

Lazarus: Resident of Bethany who hosted Jesus and the disciples during their last Passover together.

Mary and Martha: Sisters of Lazarus.

Mary of Magdala: A devotee of Jesus; witnessed his death and anointed his body.

Simeon: Pilgrim in the temple who declared Jesus to be the Son of God.