History Tip of the Day – July 30th

The United States firebombs Tokyo, March 10th, 1945

Known as Operation Meetinghouse, the aerial bombardment of Tokyo is the most horrific bombing in history. American B-29s drop special M-69 firebombs, each a twenty-inch steel pipe packed with the jellied gasoline known as napalm. One M-69 is capable of starting a massive fire. One ton will ensure complete destruction. On the morning of March 10, American bombers drop 2,000 tons of M-60 on Tokyo. Trapped inside walls of fire, citizens spontaneously burst into flames. The fire consumes sixteen square miles, one-fourth of the city. One hundred thousand are killed, forty thousand badly burned but alive, and one million homeless.